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Trauma, are there different types?

Definition of Trauma

Trauma is “an event, series of events, or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally harmful or life threatening and that has lasting adverse effects on the individual’s functioning and mental, physical, social, emotional, or spiritual well-being."

Reference: Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, 8-02-2019

Are there different kinds of Traumas? Yes

Single incident Trauma:

· Motor Vehicle accident

· Assault (Sexual or Physical)

· Violent crime

· Secondary Trauma (Being affected by witnessing the Trauma Incident of other/s)

· Grief/Loss

· Natural disaster

· Exposure or victim to unexpected stressful or tragic event

· Being exposed to death, injury or violence through work or volunteer roles.

Episodic Trauma:

· War or Combat Zone

· Interpersonal Violence and or Sexual assaults

· Child Abuse, Child Sexual Abuse

· Toxic Stress resulting from A workplace or school environment where the problematic behavior is part of a/the culture and or social norms.

Chronic Trauma or Complex Trauma

· Victim of Neglect

· Persistent and long-term bullying

· Violent and sudden death of a loved one (Suicide or homicide)

· Victim/Survivor of Human Trafficking

· Victim/Survivor of being kidnapped, or False Imprisonment

· Victim/Survivor of Cults

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